You can take steps to reduce the risk for cavities before your infant’s first tooth emerges!
Cavities occur when decay-causing bacteria living in the mouth digest carbohydrates (sugars) introduced into the mouth via food and beverages.
This produces acid, which can eat through the protective enamel surface of teeth and attack the more vulnerable dentin below.
Infants aren’t born with decay-promoting bacteria; however, they can acquire them from their caregiver(s) through close contact, for example:
- Kissing on the mouth
- Sharing food
- Sharing eating utensils (e.g., a spoon or glass)
- Cleaning off a pacifier by mouth
Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease! It can start as soon as the first tooth erupts — which generally happens around age 6 to 9 months but can be as early as 3 months or as late as 1 year.
Besides being potentially painful, severe tooth decay may cause your child to lose the affected primary (baby) tooth before it’s due to fall out on its own.
That, in turn, can raise the risk of orthodontic problems because primary teeth maintain space for permanent teeth, which also use them as their guide for coming in properly.
It’s important to clean your child’s teeth regularly once they appear and to refrain from certain feeding activities that have been linked with early tooth decay. For example, use of a sleep-time bottle containing a liquid with natural or added sugars, such as formula or juice, can result in a pattern of severe decay once referred to as “baby bottle tooth decay.” These days, the term early childhood caries (ECC) is more commonly used to also encompass decay linked to continuous sippy-cup use, at-will breast-feeding throughout the night, use of a sweetened pacifier, or routine use of sugar-based oral medicines to treat chronic illness.
We recommend that you schedule a dental visit for your baby upon eruption of his or her first tooth or by age 1.
This first visit can include:
- Risk assessment for decay,
- Hands-on instruction on teeth cleaning,
- Nutritional/feeding guidance,
- Fluoride recommendations,
- Identification of underlying conditions that should be monitored.
Your child’s smile is a sight to behold; starting early improves the odds of keeping it that way!