Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects teeth in the first eight years of their growth. Fluorosis isn’t a disease and because it’s usually mild and is something a dental professional can detect.
“Mild fluorosis may make visible changes visible only to a dental professional who knows what to look for.”
Fluorosis is caused by an overexposure to fluoride. Fluoride can be found in toothpaste and other mouth-based products. Fluorosis can produce white lines or streaks along the enamel of the tooth. Further symptoms can also include:
- Stains on the tooth that range from yellow to a dark brown.
- Surface irregularities along the surface of the tooth.
- In extreme cases, fluorosis can cause the teeth to pit.
How can I remove and treat Fluorosis?
In most cases, fluorosis is very mild and won’t need treatment. Depending on the severity of it, fluorosis can be treated in various ways, such as:
- Tooth whitening. This can help remove surface stains off the tooth or teeth.
- Veneers are custom-made shells that cover the front of a tooth. This will cover and protect the tooth, and hide any form of fluorosis.
- MI paste. MI paste is a calcium phosphate product that can help minimise tooth discoloration and is available in most dental practices and pharmacies.
How can I prevent Fluorosis?
Fluorosis is a highly preventable cosmetic condition. Because fluorosis occurs during the early stages of teeth growth, children need to be carefully watched and taught properly how to brush their teeth. Fluorosis can be prevented and reduced by simply ensuring that:
- The child brush their teeth correctly twice a day. See more information.
- For the first eight years, it’s recommended that children are limited to a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.
- Understanding the importance of spitting after teeth are brushed. Children are prone to swallowing more toothpaste than spitting, so keep an eye to ensure they don’t swallow the toothpaste.
Regular dental check-ups are extremely important for a child as their teeth are still growing and forming. The crowns are nearly fully formed by the time you reach around eight years old.
Remember, fluorosis is usually a very mild cosmetic condition, not a disease.